Nepal, a country in South Asia, lies between India and China. It is known for its stunning natural beauty, including Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world. Nepal has a diverse cultural heritage with a mix of Hinduism and Buddhism practiced by its people. The country is divided into three regions: the Himalayas (including Mount Everest), the forested hilly areas, and the flat grassy lands.

Geographically, Nepal has the greatest altitude change on Earth, ranging from lowlands at sea level to the towering Himalayan Mountains. The country’s people are from various groups such as Hindu castes, Bhotes, hill tribes, and Newars. Most Nepalese live in the central hilly region and the southern plain known as Terai. The economy heavily relies on tourism due to its exotic wildlife and breathtaking landscapes.

In terms of governance, Nepal transitioned to a democratic republic in 2008 after ending its monarchy. The country has a rich history, being the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) and having faced political turmoil before establishing a democratic system. Nepal is also home to 8 of the world’s 10 tallest mountains, making it a paradise for trekkers and mountaineers.